Numberland - New Processes, New Materialshttp://materials-broker.deSun, 24 Sep 2017 10:29:44 +0200Joomla! - Open Source Content Managementde-deBetter membranes for cleaner water membranes for cleaner water

Better membranes for cleaner water

ID: F1601-10

A brand new project developed revolutionary membranes. They featured greatly increased surface area and longer working life. In addition, the membrane price per membrane area had been considerably reduced. A nano-filtration coating enables surface water to be filtered straight and used as ingesting water using the help of a low-volume, low-energy filtration process. Moreover, the ceramic material is resistant to fouling, ensuing in lower operating expenses and less time lost for membrane cleansing. The membrane is strong sufficient to help back flushing during cleansing and sterilisation with chemicals or hot vapor. Lower maintenance requirements will end up in less cleansing chemical compounds being needed and therefore disposed of. The membrane can additionally run at low stress thanks to its large permeability and low fouling propensity, thereby saving energy and reducing procedure costs. The method can be used to provide emergency water supply and neighborhood water therapy, as well as for large-scale production of ingesting water through the filtration of surface water. The membrane can additionally be utilized for treating wastewater from specific procedures characterised by high conditions, extreme PH values, aggressive chemicals and/or extreme fouling behaviour.


  • Membrane
  • Clean
  • Water
  • Surface
    ]]> (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 21:00:03 +0100
    Making hydrogen usage more safe hydrogen usage more safe

    Making hydrogen usage more safe

    ID: F1601-09

    As a power provider, hydrogen inspires a great deal of enthusiasm and more than a little wariness. a task addressed security problems related to the usage of hydrogen technologies. Hydrogen fuel cell (HFC) technology will initially be commercialised for market-ready applications such as backup energy supply, portable power generation and powering of materials handling automobiles. These programs generally need, by nature or for safety reasons, that hydrogen systems be used inside. However, current regulations, codes and standards (RCSs) are extremely incomplete regarding the practical requirements of security requirements inside. Addressing the safe indoor usage of HFC systems for early markets had been the primary objective of the project. The project desired to supply scientific and engineering understanding for indicating cost-effective means to control dangers, and to develop state-of-the-art security guidelines. It addressed understanding gaps regarding interior hydrogen accumulation, vented deflagration and under-ventilated jet fire. The created knowledge should be translated into security tips, including modern engineering tools supporting their execution. Recommendations should be developed for advancements in the EU and worldwide RCS frameworks to support the safe introduction of HFC in very early markets. Task partners sought to enhance understanding of hydrogen dispersion and accumulation in confined areas. Work centered on a room-like enclosure of typically a few tens of cubic metres with normal ventilation. Based on current and new analytical and numerical models, partners worked on determining characteristic regimes of hydrogen dispersion. Parameters such as the size of the venting location, the size of the enclosure area and the leak flow rates were taken into account. A number of experiments had been carried out to study vented hydrogen–air deflagrations and the interplay between hydrogen–air and enclosure parameters with respect to overpressure effects. Another task was to perform experimental and numerical studies on hydrogen jet fire characteristics. Focus was placed on parameters such as self-extinction, re-ignition, radiation and flame length from outside hydrogen jet fires. Feasible security methods should be given in a tips document with important rules for indoor hydrogen use in the designs. Additional safety products should be proposed whenever sizing techniques are maybe not enough to respect the safety rules.


    • Energy
    • Hydrogen
    • Usage
    • Power
    • Automobile
    • Car
      ]]> (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:52 +0100
      Sustainable electric cars electric cars

      Sustainable electric cars

      ID: F1601-08

      Today's electric automobiles (EVs) suffer from reasonably large purchasing costs. a task is developing and assessing a new integrated electric motor concept in which the wheels are housing the entire powertrain except the battery pack. With this project, scientists are working on developing a full in-wheel motor construction prototype. Despite an expected market of 100 000 cars for the technology by 2015, most existing in-wheel designs are nevertheless at the model stage. Except for the wheel and the electric motor, power electronics, structural parts, brake system and a decrease gear are also areas of the prototype system. The proposed concept is based on a commonly used front suspension system — the MacPherson strut — and should be able to fulfill typical B-segment EV requirements. To develop and evaluate a concept vehicle, focus will be put on factors such as thermal stress under extreme working conditions, car dynamics, driveability, safety and durability. Interest is compensated to aspects such as eco-design, component and whole-car life-cycle assessment analysis, dismantling, and recycling of important materials such as uncommon earths. The in-wheel motor idea provides greater scope for revolutionising the car design, greatly increasing the interior area (the only remaining component to be housed in the car body is the battery) and improving driving performance. Overheating is a great threat for in-wheel motors, particularly since the proposed idea features a fully air-cooled motor, with traditional airflow driven by the vehicle and assisted by an innovative wheel design. This ensures that enough airflow is supplied to the in-wheel system to evacuate the temperature in metropolitan and motorway driving cycles. In addition, a fan is considered for the standstill situation, whenever the vehicle needs to drive gradually when the electric motor is at large conditions. With its activities, the project is developing the basis for a industry production electric motors and components with required performances at competitive expenses.


      • sustainable
      • Electric
      • Car
      • Automobile
        ]]> (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:43 +0100
        Measuring creep deformation at high temperatures creep deformation at high temperatures

        Measuring creep deformation at high temperatures

        ID: F1601-07

        Scientists developed an unique approach for checking the integrity of components operating under harsh conditions at power stations. Extreme temperatures and stresses in engineering elements such as steam pipes in a power plant may cause weld cracks that may develop until the pipeline breaks. Nevertheless, present creep strain measurement techniques are difficult to apply in a power plant because of to oxidation at high heat over a prolonged duration of time. The absence of long-term precise creep dimension leads to poor creep life prognosis, placing European power generation infrastructure at risk. Researchers initiated a project to accurately determine creep deformation and expand component life beyond the original design limitations in power stations. The project utilized digital images for long-term creep measurement and tracking of pipework where direct sensor accessory and human access are hard or dangerous. Scientists incorporated a digital digital camera equipped with a telecentric lens into a compact model system that allows brief deployment on an energy plant pipe. They also fabricated a protective casing for the assessment coupon and trialled it on an ex-service pipe. To create a high-density grid pattern on the examination coupon, experts formulated a micro laser cladding procedure, developed built-in software that allowed the operator to get pictures and calculate strain based on electronic picture correlation analysis. Based on a model and area creep strain measurements, the project developed a methodology to anticipate component remaining life and incorporated it in the system. Comprehensive analysis of the accelerated creep test data acquired from two different pipes revealed that the system is capable of supplying extremely accurate creep stress measurements.


        • Material
        • Mechanical
        • Deformation
        • Creep
        • Temperature
        • Condition
        • Measurement
 (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:37 +0100
          Magnetisation control by heat control by heat

          Magnetisation control by heat

          ID: F1601-06

          A laser-induced pulse of temperature could allow the control of the magnetisation in the nanoscale recording news of hard drives. This astonishing effect could lead to much denser magnetic memories, providing an unprecedented scale of capacity development. Over the last many years, the magnetic disk storage space thickness – the number of bits of information stored per unit area – doubles around every 18 months. This trend is expected to carry on, showing the fast rate of technical progress in this area. However, larger storage space capacities must go hand in hand with the ability to read and write bits at smaller size scales. The next generation of disk read-and-write heads will utilize temperature to record information and shop data assisted by nanoscale antennas energised by semiconductor lasers that operate at high temperatures. Against this backdrop, a task is developing asers that can be integrated with magnetic recording technology and creating antennae to supply and focus the power on a range of a couple of tens of nanometres that causes the material to be heated. This heat-assisted magnetic recording (HAMR) approach will enable storage space densities of 1 terabit per square inch and beyond. So far, researchers have actually created innovative semiconductor lasers utilizing etching techniques to incorporate the laser mirror on a chip. Optimising the pattern transfer procedure ensures the smoothness of the mirror, ensuing in products with comparable performance to those perhaps not incorporated on a circuit. Venture work has also been geared to investigating unique methods for mirror protection with a focus on atomic layer deposition. The first reliability tests are underway. The laser wafer that comprises numerous layers of materials with varying optical and electric properties features been modelled using device simulators. The layer compositions and depth are optimised for high-temperature operation through detailed simulations. Based on these designs, scientists have effectively prepared and characterised a new laser structure that demonstrated excellent overall performance in terms of production power at high operating conditions. This breakthrough technology revolutionises data storage by further pushing current capacity limits permitting the scaling of data storage in the ‘cloud’. Improvements in the storage technology should assist advance all kinds of information administration.


          • Magnetisation
          • Control
          • Heat
          • Laser
          • Nano
          • Memory
          • circuit
   (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:30 +0100
            Manage energy smarter than before energy smarter than before

            Manage energy smarter than before

            ID: F1601-05

            Efforts to significantly boost the usage of renewable power are burdening power grids, leading to increased financial and ecological issues. An effort has created systems and methods to realise low-energy districts. Renewable energy supply fluctuates, and matching its demand and supply is becoming all the more challenging. Smart energy management systems and energy storage space systems are required to accommodate a big share of renewable energy in current energy infrastructure. A project set off to increase the use of on-site renewable power at region level by matching its power need and supply. Undertaking partners began by categorising different district kinds and analysing their different load profiles. They then mapped the gear that can be utilized in a district and examined their overall performance. Thermal storage space and smart control are key components of concept. Thermal storage enables a control system to match the supply and need of heat. Thermal storage technologies had been designed following research on novel storage methods. Team members developed a smart power management system to match supply and demand of electrical energy and temperature at the same time. A full-scale demonstration was successfully carried out by setting up the system in 106 dwellings and 9 commercial spaces in an innercity region under development. A simulation tool to evaluate new types of energy systems for existing and new areas was also created and implemented. To make the developed system appealing to end users and meet their increasing energy demands, the group developed a set of novel business models. They are all based on the freedom of the energy consumed or created within the district, and are incorporated into the system. The project envisioned a sustainable community that strives for financial, environmental and social stability. With fossil fuels expected to run out and the need for energy to boost, current energy supply systems are undergoing radical modifications. It helped enhance a number of types of thermal storage technologies to handle the variability of renewable power. In doing therefore, it demonstrated just how to fully exploit the potential of renewable energy.



            • Energy
            • Management
            • Power
            • Renewable
            • Grid
     (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:23 +0100
              Quicker detection of manufacturing defects detection of manufacturing defects

              Quicker detection of manufacturing defects

              ID: F1601-04

              Manufacturers aspire to zero defects and minimal manufacturing wastage from their manufacturing lines. An effort developed the hardware and software needed for zero-defect parts with minimal scrap, helping to make sure sustainable and competitive manufacturing. Defects created during manufacturing are presently detected offline during the last production phase, causing tremendous loss of time and cash and creating unwanted scrap. To stay away from such end-of-line failures, a project set off to develop a new built-in quality control solution to increase product quality and competition. The system aims for dependable and sustainable production with a near-zero problem and scrap target. It consists of sensors and actuators and its controlling software enables real-time multi-data gathering and analysis. Efficiency monitoring of the different steps in manufacturing processes is uninterrupted. This assists to mitigate defects within or between procedures and to enhance their robustness. The project developed new hardware and software solutions that include technological, modelling and methodological innovations into built-in quality control systems for production. It also developed novel sensor and examination gear, tracking and prognosis knowledge-based models, smart fixtures and decision-making tools. The sensors and examination methods immediately take action whenever faults are detected by the advanced monitoring and diagnostic systems. To validate the technical solutions, the project carried off demonstration tasks through real-life usage cases from the automotive, customised medicine and green power industries. The industry evaluating proved the feasibility of zero-defect production for sustainable and competitive European production. The project introduced monitoring tools for the production line that can counteract and fix defects quicker and sooner. This will end up in the reduction of expenses and less downtime and wastage while creating higher quality and safer items.



              • Material
              • Manufacturing
              • Defect
              • Quality
       (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:20 +0100
                Thin films with lesser defects films with lesser defects

                Thin films with lesser defects

                ID: F1601-03

                Nano-scale slim films have become an important component of numerous products. Novel optical technology to detect and repair defects during production will improve quality and durability, and increase competitiveness. Tiny defects in slim movies utilized in items such as polymer-coated paper and low-cost, flexible photovoltaics (PVs) can decrease product quality and durability. This additionally decreases yield and increases scrap levels, more impacting competitiveness. Exposure of such defective PV modules and polymer-coated paperboard barrier movies to water vapour causes short circuits in electronics and the degradation of paper items. In-line quality control examination systems alleviate some of the burden, but there's frequently a trade-off between quality and speed. As a new task nears completion, experts have actually developed revolutionary optical strategies for existing optical measurement systems that detect smaller defects faster. Gas cleaning after examination has been introduced whereas cleaning and localised fix to eliminate particles produced during manufacturing will be introduced in the next phase. Laboratory tests have actually demonstrated a really promising decrease in problem densities of more than 90 %. One demonstrator and one proof-of-concept detection system have been implemented for each line. Ongoing trials are creating excellent results and the final demonstrators will showcase the new detection, cleaning and repair technologies. The technologies will be integrated with modern high-throughput roll-to-roll processing to increase production performance and decrease production expenses. Improved defect detection and fix will improve the quality and life time of products employing large-area thin movies, improving the competitive position of manufacturers. It'll also reduce waste, decrease costs and translate to crucial advantages for the environment. Brand new markets in smart packaging, flexible electronics and large-area lighting can be expected for the companion organizations.



                • Nano
                • Film
                • Defect
                • Optical
                • Quality
         (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:14 +0100
                  Nano materials for water purification materials for water purification

                  Nano materials for water purification

                  ID: F1601-02

                  Water scarcity is one of the main challenges of the twenty-first century. Novel low-cost, bio-based filtration and purification membranes promise increased access to clean water for all. Water use has been growing at two times the price of the populace during the last century. Every 12 months, competition for water resources for ingesting, washing, and sustaining farming and life intensifies. A new project is developing nanomaterials-based water purification membranes for decentralised commercial and domestic water therapy to help relieve the issue. Scientists are designing, developing and testing membrane-based prototypes based on nanocellulose and/or nanochitin, polysaccharides discovered in plants and the exoskeletons of crustaceans. The primary focus is on the removal of toxic chemical compounds such as heavy metal ions, pesticides and fertilisers from contaminated industrial water making use of membranes and membrane modules. The membranes will be evaluated for their suitability for disposal by composting and its effect on environment, at end-of-life. These bio-based functional membranes therefore offer an extremely energy-efficient, cheap, biodegradable, non-toxic and green substrate for water therapy. Using existing industrial processes, the team was able to quickly up-scale manufacturing of nanoparticles (cellulose and chitin nanocrystals and cellulose nanofibres) isolated from bioresources. Nanocellulose and nanochitin have demonstrated satisfactory adsorption of hefty metal ions from water for efficient water purification. Researchers prepared 100 % bio-based membranes from cellulose nanocrystals, cellulose nanofibres and chitin nanocrystals in indigenous type as well as from surface-modified cellulose nanocrystals. Various changes were tested to improve filtration, mechanical properties and adsorption efficiency. The project will assist to recover heavy metals while ensuring high-efficiency decentralised water cleansing, high adsorption prices and high adsorption selectivity. It will additionally feature reuseable antifouling or low fouling areas. The treatment of water toxins will have long-term benefits for individual health and quality of life. This work will lead to brand new products based on green nanotechnology in the form of nanomembranes, filters and adsorbents for water purification that will be much more efficient, cost effective and environment friendly than currently available items. They will offer sustainable solutions for water recycling and elimination, and the recovery of hefty steel ions, fertilisers, medications and pesticides from industrial effluents. The ensuing enhancement in the quality of surface and groundwater, at first in Europe and then at the worldwide level, will have a far-reaching effect on the environment.



                  • Nano
                  • Material
                  • Water
                  • Purification
                  • Filtration
                  • Membrane
           (Administrator)Get in ContactSat, 16 Jan 2016 20:59:08 +0100
                    Better material properties at higher temperature material properties at higher temperature

                    Better material properties at higher temperature

                    ID: F1601-01

                    Experts developed functionally graded Mo/Mo silicide composites based on refractory steel skeleton embedded in a refractory silicide matrix especially directed for high-temperature (HT) corrosive environments. Material properties change from area to core due to responses occurring as the material is created. The area, automotive and energy sectors demand ever-more functional and high-performance materials capable of withstanding harsh environments. In addition, they want them at reasonable cost. A European consortium of research institutes, universities and commercial partners from five nations features met that demand. Scientists developed novel in-situ formed HT composites comprising the concept of functionally graded materials (FGMs). Porous skeletons of refractory metal (molybdenum or niobium) have actually been embedded in a silicide matrix via stress assisted reactive infiltration. Grading is achieved because silicide forming reactions between Si melt and refractory steel happen predominantly at the area, creating an oxidation-resistant skin. The innovative reactive infiltration technique for preparing complex, near-net shaped parts with a self-forming oxide coating is a novel proprietary process. The novel FGM revealed significantly enhanced oxidation resistance at HT contrasted to a traditional molybdenum alloy and much greater fracture toughness at low temperatures compared to traditional silicides. The desired synergy provides the brand new HT composites enhanced properties whenever compared with currently most widely utilized nickel based superalloys. Technology was shown effectively on three different components, among which was a room framework for mounting thermal protection sheets. The composite survived thermal surprise resistance testing, simulating spacecraft re-entry conditions. Aside from the materials and manufacturing technologies, models describing effect kinetics in the molybdenum-silicide system represent a major contribution to manufacturers. They effectively simulate both fluid and solid state responses and the effects of barrier coatings on kinetics. FGMs are functionally superior to currently used superalloys and are created with an industrially legitimate manufacturing strategy. They promise crucial benefits for both atmosphere and ground transportation. Lighter and more durable elements capable of withstanding harsher conditions will facilitate reduced gas consumption and less emissions.



                    • Manufacturing
                    • Material
                    • Property
                    • Composite
             (Administrator)Get in ContactSun, 10 Jan 2016 20:55:37 +0100